Publications

281. F. Spaepen, "Metallic glasses that harden under strain", Nature 578: 521-522 (2020).

280. S.Z. van Loenen, T.E. Kodger, E.A. Padston, S. Nawar, P. Schall and F. Spaepen, "Measurement of the stiffness of hard-sphere colloidal crystal-liquid interfaces", Physical Review Materials 3:085605 (2019).

279. H. Hwang, D.A. Weitz and F. Spaepen, "Direct observation of crystallization and melting with colloids", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116: 1180-1184 (2019).

278. E. Amstad, F. Spaepen, M.P. Brenner and D.A. Weitz, "The microfluidic nebulator: production of submicrometer sized airborne drops", Lab on a Chip 17: 1475-1480 (2017).

277. J. Sprakel, A. Zaccone, F. Spaepen, P. Schall and D.A. Weitz, ''Direct observation of entropic stabilization of bcc crystals near melting'', Physical Review Letters 118: 088003 (2017).

276. E. Maire, E. Redston, M. Persson Gulda, D.A. Weitz and F. Spaepen, "Imaging grain boundary grooves in hard-sphere colloidal bi-crystals", Physical Review E94: 042604 (2016).

275. E. Amstad, F. Spaepen and D.A. Weitz, "Stabilization of the amorphous structure of spray-dried drug nanoparticles", The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 120: 9161-9165 (2016).

274. E. Amstad, F. Spaepen and D.A. Weitz, "Crystallization of undercooled liquid fenofibrate", Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 17: 30158 (2015).

273. E. Amstad, M. Gopinadhan, C. Holtze, C.O. Osuji, M.P. Brenner, F. Spaepen and D.A. Weitz, "Production of amorphous nanoparticles by supersonic spray-drying with a microfluidic nebulator", Science 349: 956-960 (2015).

272. E.R. Russell, F. Spaepen and D.A. Weitz, ''Anisotropic elasticity of experimental colloidal Wigner crystals'', Physical Review E91: 032310 (2015).

271. K.E. Jensen, D.A.Weitz and F. Spaepen, "Local shear transformations in deformed and quiescent hard-sphere colloidal glasses", Physical Review E 90: 042305 (2014).

270. K.E. Jensen, D.A. Weitz and F. Spaepen, "A three-dimensional calibration device for the confocal microscope", Review of Scientific Instruments 84: 016108 (2013).

270a. F. Spaepen, "Some reflections on applied physics", Applied Physics Reviews 1: 010402 (2014).

269. K.E. Jensen, D. Pennachio, D. Recht, D.A. Weitz and F. Spaepen, "Rapid growth of large, defect-free colloidal crystals", Soft Matter 9: 320-328 (2013).

268a. A. L. Greer and F. Spaepen, "Sir Alan Cottrell (1919-2012). A Retrospective", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109: 16753 (2012)

268. E. Maire, M. Persson Gulda, N. Nakamura, K. Jensen, E. Margolis, C. Friedsam and F. Spaepen, "Three-dimensional confocal microscopy study of boundaries between colloidal crystals", in (T. Proulx, ed.) Optical Measurements, Modeling and Metrology, Volume 5, Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics, Volume 5, 69-74 (2011).

267. I.B. Ramsteiner, D.A. Weitz and F. Spaepen, "The stiffness of the crystal-liquid interface in a hard-sphere colloidal system measured from capillary fluctuations", Physical Review E 82: 041603 (2010).

266. N. Moelans, F. Spaepen and P. Wollants, "Grain growth in thin films with a fiber texture studied by phase-field simulations and mean field modeling", Philosophical Magazine 90: 501-523 (2010).

 

265. P. Schall and F. Spaepen, "Dislocations in colloidal crystals", in Dislocations in Solids, Edited by J.P. Hirth and S. Kubin, Elsevier, Volume 16, 233-261 (2010).

264. I.B. Ramsteiner, K.E. Jensen, D.A. Weitz and F. Spaepen, "Experimental observation of the crystallization of hard-sphere colloidal particles by sedimentation onto flat and patterned surfaces", Physical Review E 79: 011403, 1-6 (2009).

263. P. Schall, D.A. Weitz and F. Spaepen, "Structural rearrangements that govern flow in colloidal glasses", Science 318: 1895-1899 (2007).

262. C.A. Volkert, A. Donohue and F. Spaepen, "Effect of sample size on deformation in amorphous metals", Journal of Applied Physics 103: 083539, 1-6 (2008).

261. A. Donohue, F. Spaepen, R.G. Hoagland, and A. Misra, "Suppression of the shear band instability during plastic flow in nano-meter scale confined metallic glasses", Applied Physics Letters, 91: 241905, 1-3 (2007)

260. C.-Y. Wen and F. Spaepen, "In-situ electron microscopy of the phases of Cu 3 Si", to appear in the Philosophical Magazine. PDF Download

259. C.-Y. Wen and F. Spaepen, "Filling the voids in silicon single crystals by precipitation of Cu 3 Si", to appear in the Philosophical Magazine. PDF Download

258b. F. Spaepen, "David Turnbull (1915-2007) - In Memoriam", MRS Bulletin 32: 659-660 (2007). PDF Download

258a. F. Spaepen and M.J. Aziz, "David Turnbull (1915-2007). Pioneer of the kinetics of phase transformations in condensed matter", Nature Materials 6: 556 (2007). PDF Download

258. A. Del Vecchio and F. Spaepen, "The effect of deposition rate on the intrinsic stress in copper and silver thin films", Journal of Applied Physics: 101, 063518 1-9 (2007).

257. J.A. Kalb, M. Wuttig and F. Spaepen, "Calorimetric measurements of structural relaxation and glass transition temperatures in sputtered films of amorphous Te alloys used for phase change recording", to appear in the Journal of Materials Research. 

256. D. Holland-Moritz, D.M. Herlach and F. Spaepen, "Crystal nucleation induced by magnetic ordering in undercooled melts", to appear in Superlattices and Microstructures.

255. I. Pzdnyakova, L. Hennet, G. Mathiak, J. Brillo, D. Zanghi, J.-F. Brun, S. Brassamin, A. Bytchkov, V. Cristiglio, e. Veron, G. Matzen, G. Geandier, D. Thiaudière, S.C. Moss, F. Spaepen, I. Egry and D.L. Price, "Structural properties of molten dilute aluminium-transition metal alloys", Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 18 , 6469-6480 (2006).

254. P. Schall and F. Spaepen, "Dislocation imaging in f.c.c. colloidal single crystals", International Journal of Materials Research (Zeitschrift für Metallkunde) 97 , 958-962 (2006).

253. P. Schall, I. Cohen. D.A. Weitz and F. Spaepen, "Visualising dislocation nucleation by indenting colloidal crystals", Nature: 440, 319-323 (2006). PDF Download

252. F. Spaepen, News and Views: "Must shear bands be hot ?", Nature Materials 5, 7-8 (2006).

251. F. Spaepen, "Homogeneous flow in metallic glasses: a free volume perspective", Scripta Materialia: 54, 363-367 (2006).

250. J. Kalb, F. Spaepen and M. Wuttig, "Kinetics of crystal nucleation in undercooled droplets of Sb and Te based alloys used for phase change recording", Journal of Applied Physics: 98, 054910 1-7 (2005).

249. J. Kalb, C.Y. Wen, F. Spaepen, H. Dieker and M. Wuttig, "Crystal morphology and nucleation in thin films of amorphous Te alloys used for phase change recording", Journal of Applied Physics: 98, 054902 1-6 (2005).

248. F. Spaepen, "A survey of energies in materials science", Festschrift in honor of J. David Embury, to appear in Philosophical Magazine (2005). PDF Download

247. M. Heggen, F. Spaepen and M. Feuerbacher, "Creation and annihilation of free volume during homogeneous flow of a metallic glass", Journal of Applied Physics: 97, 033506 (2005). PDF Download

246. P. Schall, I. Cohen, D.A. Weitz and F. Spaepen, "Dynamics of dislocations in thin colloidal crystals", to appear the in the Proceedings of the International Workshop on Nanomechanics, July 14-17, 2004, Asilomar, CA; to be published by Kluwer.

245. R. Detemple, H. Dieker, J. Kalb, M. Luo, F. Spaepen, C. Steimer, D. Wamwangi, H.W. Wöltgens, M. Wuttig and S. Ziegler, "Phase change materials: from crystal structures to kinetics", to appear in the Proceedings of the European Symposium on Phase Change Materials and Ovonics, 2004.

244. M. Asta, F. Spaepen and F. van der Veen, "Solid-liquid interfaces: molecular structure, thermodynamics and crystallization", MRS Bulletin 29: 920-926 (2004).

243 D.T. Wu, L. Gránásy and F. Spaepen, "Nucleation and the solid-liquid interfacial free energy", MRS Bulletin, 29: 945-950 (2004).

242. P. Schall, I. Cohen, D.A. Weitz and F. Spaepen, "Visualization of dislocation dynamics in colloidal crystals", Science 05: 1944-1948 (2004). PDF Download

241. J. Kalb, F. Spaepen and M. Wuttig, "Atomic force microscopy measurements of crystal nucleation and growth rates in thin films of amorphous Te alloys", Applied Physics Letters 84:5240-5242 (2004).

240. M. Heggen, F. Spaepen and M. Feuerbacher, "The evolution of the free volume during homogeneous flow of a metallic glass", Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 2004) 805:MM7.2.1 (2004).

239. D.Y.W. Yu and F. Spaepen, "The yield strength of thin copper films on Kapton", Journal of Applied Physics, 95:2991-2997 (2004). PDF Download

238. D. Holland-Moritz and F. Spaepen, "Magnetic effects on nucleation in undercooled Co-Pd melts", Edited by Dieter M. Herlach, (Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, 2004), p. 128-136.

237. J. Kalb, F. Spaepen and M. Wuttig, "Kinetics of crystal nucleation and growth in thin films of amorphous Te alloys measured by atomic force microscopy", Materials Research Society Symposia Procceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 2004) 803:HH3.8.1-6.

236. M. Heggen, F. Spaepen and M. Feuerbacher, "Plastic deformation of Pd 41 Ni­ 10 Cu 29 P 20 bulk metallic glass", Materials Science and Engineering A 375-377:1186-1190 (2004).

235. D. Holland-Moritz and F. Spaepen, "The magnetic contribution to the driving force for crystal nucleation in undercooled Co-Pd melts", Philosophical Magazine 84:957-966 (2004).

234. J. Kalb, F. Spaepen and M. Wuttig, "Calorimetric measurements of phase transformations in thin films of amorphous Te alloys used for optical data storage", Journal of Applied Physics, 93:2389-2393 (2003).

233. H. Huang, D.Y.W. Yu, M. Verdier and F. Spaepen, "Flow and fracture of free-standing Ag and Cu thin films and Ag/Cu multilayers", International Journal of Fracture 119/120, 359-364 (2003).

232. J. Li, F. Spaepen and T.C. Hufnagel, "Nanometer-scale defects in shear bands in a metallic glass", Philosophical Magazine A 82: 2623-2630 (2002).

231. F. Spaepen and D.Y.W. Yu, "A comparison of the strength of multilayers, thin films and nanocrystalline compacts", Scripta Materialia, 50:729-732 (2004).

230. J. Proost and F. Spaepen, "Evolution of the growth stress, stiffness and microstructure of alumina thin films during vapor deposition", Journal of Applied Physics, 91:204-216 (2002).

229. P.G. Evans, O.D. Dubon, J.F. Chervinsky, M.J. Aziz, F. Spaepen and J.A. Golovchenko, "Growth and evaporation of Pb layers on As-terminated Si (111)", submitted to the Journal of Applied Physics.

228. T. Pedersen, J. Kalb, W. Nojoroge, D. Wamwangi, M. Wuttig and F. Spaepen, "Mechanical stresses upon crystallization in phase change materials"; Applied Physics Letters, 79:3597-3599 (2001).

227. J. Proost and F. Spaepen, "In-situ study of the stiffness of alumina thin films during vapor deposition", Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 672:09.9.1 (2001).

226. J. Kalb, F. Spaepen, T.P. Leervad Pedersen and M. Wuttig, "Viscosity and elastic constants of thin films of amorphous Te alloys used for optical data storage", Journal of Applied Physics, 94:4908-4912 (2003).

225. F. Spaepen, "Five-fold symmetry in liquids", Nature 408:781-82 (2000). [CM25] PDF Download

224. F. Spaepen, "An introduction to phase nucleation", Proceedings Kurzschule Phasenübergänge in Schmelzen, ed. D. M. Herlach and D. Holland-Moritz (Köln, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, 2000) IB-333-01/1, pp.45-78. [F5]

223. P.G. Evans, O.D. Dubon, J.F. Chervinsky, F. Spaepen and J.A. Golovchenko, "Comment on "Low-temperature homoepitaxial growth on high-miscut Si(111) mediated by thin overlayers of Pb" [Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2954 (1999)]", Applied Physics Letters, 77:2616 (2000). [CM25]

222. M. Verdier, H.Huang, F. Spaepen, J.D. Embury, M. Hawley and H. Kung, "Effect of scale on the plastic deformation of Cu/Ag multilayers", in preparation

221. O.D. Dubon, P.G. Evans, J.F. Chervinsky, M.J. Aziz, F. Spaepen and J.A. Golovchenko, M.F. Chisholm, and D.A. Muller "Doping by metal-mediated epitaxy: growth of As delta-doped Si through a Pb monolayer", Applied Physics Letters, 78:1505 (2001) [CM25]

220. F. Spaepen and J. Fransaer, "Advances in modeling of crystal nucleation from the melt", Advanced Engineering Materials, 2:593-596 (2000) and in"Materials Development and Processing -- Bulk Amorphous Materials, Undercooling and Powder Metallurgy" (Eds., J. Wood, L. Schultz and D.M. Herlach), Euromat '99, Vol 8, Wiley-VCH (2000), p.79-84. [F5]

219. F. Spaepen, D.Y.W. Yu and H. Huang, "Deformation of thin films and multilayers", in Multscale Phenomena in Plasticity: From Experiments to Phenomenology, Modelling and Materials Engineering, ed. J. Lépinoux, et al., (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000) NATO Science Series E367, p.127-141. [CM29]

218. H. Huang and F. Spaepen, "Tensile testing of free-standing Cu, Ag and Al thin films and Ag/Cu multilayers", Acta Materialia 48:3261-3269 (2000). [CM25] PDF Download

217. J. Fransaer, A.V. Wagner and F. Spaepen, “Solidification of Ga-Mg-Zn in a gas-filled drop tube: experiments and modeling”, Journal of Applied Physics, 87:1801-1818 (2000). [F5]

216. G.W. Brown, M.E. Hawley, D.J. Markiewicz, F. Spaepen, E.P. Barth, “Magnetic structure of deformation-induced shear bands in amorphous Fe 80 B 16 Si 4 observed by magnetic force microscopy”, Journal of Applied Physics, 85: 4415-4417 (1999). [x]

215. O.D. Dubon, P.G. Evans, J.F. Chervinsky, F. Spaepen, M.J. Aziz and J.A. Golovchenko, "Low-temperature Si (111) homoepitaxy and doping mediated by a monolayer of Pb", Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1999) Vol. 570, p.45-49. [CM25]

214. F. Spaepen, “Interfaces and Stresses in Thin Films”, Acta Materialia, Millenium Issue, 48:31-42 (2000) [CM29] . PDF Download

213. H. Ehrenreich and F. Spaepen, Overview, in “1955-1999: Overview, Contents and Authors”, Solid State Physics (San Diego: Academic Press, Inc., 1999), Vol. 53, pp. 1-10. [X]

212. R.C. Cammarata, K. Sieradzki and F. Spaepen, “Simple model for interface stresses with application to misfit dislocation geraltion in epitaxial thin films”, Journal of Applied Physics, 87: 1227-1234 (2000). [CM25]

211. F. Spaepen and A. Eliat, "New methods for determining the void content of silicon single crystals", IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurements, 48:230-232 (1999). [CM25]

210. D. Josell and F. Spaepen, “Surfaces, interfaces and changing shapes in multilayered films”, MRS Bulletin, pp. 39-43 (February 1999). [CM25] PDF Download

209. M.E. Hawley, G.W. Brown, D.J. Markiewicz, F. Spaepen and E.P Barth, “Magnetic force microscopy of the magnetic structure of deformation-induced shear bands in amorphous Fe 80 B 16 Si 4 ”, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 190:89-97 (1998). [X]

208. P.G. Evans, O.D. Dubon, J.F. Chervinsky, F. Spaepen and J.A. Golovchenko, "Low temperature homoepitaxial growth of Si (111) through a Pb monolayer," Applied Physics Letters, 73:3120-3122 (1998). [CM25] PDF Download

207. Michael J. Aziz and Frans Spaepen, “Test of dendrite growth theory and nucleation of polytetrahedral phases from the melt", Proceedings of the 1998 Microgravity Materials Science Conference, Huntsville, AL; National Space and Aeronautics Administration, Washington, DC (1998). [F5]

206. D.M.Herlach, D. Holland-Moritz, Th. Schenk, K, Schneider, G. Wilde, O. Boni, J. Fransaer and F. Spaepen, “Undercoolability of pure Co and Co-based Alloys,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 250-252:271-276 (1999). [F5]

205. Hans Eckart Exner and F. Spaepen, “Computer modeling-- indispensible tool for present development or long-term playground for specialists?,” Editorial Overview, Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science, 3:261-263 (1998). [X]

204. T.D. Lee, F. Spaepen and J.A. Golovchenko, "Detection of low-level copper-contamination on silicon surfaces by drop nucleation," Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1997) Vol. 477, p.409-414. [CM25]

203. Y. Shao, F. Spaepen and D. Turnbull, "An analysis of the formation of bulk amorphous silicon from the melt," Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 29:1825-1828 (1997). [F5]

202. F. Spaepen, "Effect of structural non-uniformity on the temperature dependence of the crystal-melt interfacial tension," Materials Science & Engineering A, 226-228:129-132 (1997). [F4,F5]

201. A.L. Shull and F. Spaepen, "Measurements of stress during vapor deposition of copper and silver thin films and multilayers," Journal of Applied Physics, 80:6243-6256 (1996). [B11,CM25]

200. G.D. Wilk, J.F. Chervinsky, F. Spaepen and J.A. Golovchenko, "The effect of substrate miscut on low-temperature homoepitaxial growth on Si(111) mediated by overlayers of Au: Evidence of step flow,” Applied Physics Letters, 70:2553-2555 (1997). [CM25]

199. A.L. Shull and F. Spaepen, "Mechanical properties of thin films and multilayers," Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, 1:679-683 (1996). [CM25]

198. H.G. Zolla and F. Spaepen, "Calorimetric and magnetic determination of the interfacial enthalpy and heat of mixing in Ag(Ni) alloys," Acta Materialia, 47:2391-2400 (1999). [B11,CM25]

197. F. Spaepen and Y. Shao, "The crystal-melt interface in Si or Ge," Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1996), pp. 39-44. [F4,F5]

196. H. Huang and F. Spaepen, "Measurement of Young's modulus and Poisson's ratio of free-standing Ag/Cu multilayered thin films," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1996) 405:501-505. [CM25]

195. S.D. Theiss, F. Spaepen, and M.J. Aziz, "Pressure-enhanced interdiffusion in amorphous Si/Ge multilayers," Applied Physics Letters, 68:1226-1228 (1995). [CM21,CM25]

194. S.K. Das, R.L. Bye, E.P. Barth, F. Spaepen, V.R.V. Ramanan, and T. Vu, "Processing of thick ductile metallic glass," Materials Science and Engineering A, 226-228:1-7 (1997). [H2]

193. F. Spaepen, "Effect of stress on the driving force for interdiffusion in amorphous Si-Ge multilayers," Second International Symposium on Metallic Multilayers, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Multilayers, 156:407-410 (1996). [CM25]

192. Y. Shao and F. Spaepen, "Undercooling of bulk liquid silicon in an oxide flux," Journal of Applied Physics, 79:2981-2985 (1996) [F4,F5]  PDF Download

191. F. Spaepen, "Substrate curvature resulting from the capillary forces of a liquid drop," Journal of Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 44:675-681 (1996). [B11,CM25]

190. E.P. Barth, F. Spaepen, R. Bye, S.K. Das, “Influence of processing parameters on the ductile-to-brittle transition temperature of an Fe-Si-B metallic glass,” Acta Materialia, 45:423-428 (1997). [H2,CM25]

189. H.G. Zolla and F. Spaepen, "Size distribution of Ni precipitates in Ag-Ni alloys determined by maximum entropy analysis of ultra-high field magnetization curves," Proceedings of Intermag '95, IEEE Trans. Mag. 31:3814-3816 (1995). [B11,CM25]

188. H.G. Zolla and F. Spaepen, “Size distribution of Ni precipitates in Ag-Ni alloys determined by maximum entropy analysis of magnetization curves,” Materials Science and Engineering A, 204:71-75 (1995). [B11,CM25]

187. R.G. Schinazi, G.-Q. Lu, F. Spaepen, “Thermo-electric properties of refractory metal thin film thermocouples,” Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1995), pp. 145-150. [X]

186. S.D. Theiss, F. Spaepen, M.J. Aziz, “Pressure-enhanced interdiffusion of amorphous Si/Ge multilayers at high pressure: The implications for defect-mediated diffusion,” Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1995) 356:15-20. [CM21,CM25]

185. A.L. Shull, H.G. Zolla and F. Spaepen, “In situ study of stresses in Ag/Cu thin film multilayers during deposition,” Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1995) 356:345-350. [B11,CM25]

184. S. Berger and F. Spaepen, "The Ag/Cu interface stress", Nanostructured Materials, 6:201-204 (1995). [B11]

183. G.D. Wilk, R.E. Martinez, J.F. Chervinsky, F. Spaepen and J.A. Golovchenko, "Low-temperature homoepitaxial growth of Si on Si(111) mediated by thin overlayers of Au," Applied Physics Letters 65:866-868 (1994). [CM21]

182. F. Spaepen, "Formation and annihilation of defects governing flow and diffusion in amorphous metals," Eighth International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials, Sendai, Japan, Materials Science and Engineering A179/A180:81-85 (1994). [B11,CM21]

181. F. Spaepen, "Homogeneous nucleation and the temperature dependence of the crystal-melt interfacial tension," Solid State Physics (Boston: Academic Press, Inc., 1994), Vol. 47, pp. 1-32. [F4,CM21] PDF Download

180. S.D. Theiss, S. Mitha, F. Spaepen and M.J. Aziz, “Interdiffusion of a-Si/a-Ge multilayers under hydrostatic pressure,” Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1994) 321:59-64. [B11,CM21]

179. A. Witvrouw and F. Spaepen, "Viscosity and elastic constants of amorphous Si and Ge," Journal of Applied Physics 74:7154-7161 (1993). [B8,CM21] PDF Download 

178. A.V. Wagner and F. Spaepen, “A comparison of the approach to equilibrium of the viscosity and diffusivity of Pd-Si-based amorphous metals,” Eighth International Conference on Rapidly Quenched and Metastable Materials, Sendai, Japan, Materials Science and Engineering A A179/A180:265-269 (1994). [B11,CM21]

177. F. Spaepen, “The temperature dependence of the crystal-melt interfacial tension: A simple model,” NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Undercooled Metallic Melts: Properties, Solidification and Metastable Phases, Il Ciocco, Italy, Materials Science and Engineering A178:15-18 (1994). [CM21,F4]

176. A. Witvrouw and F. Spaepen, "The viscosity of amorphous Pd-Si and Pd-Si/Pd-Si-Fe multilayers determined from stress relaxation in thin films on a substrate,” Journal of Applied Physics 75:1456-1462 (1994). [B11]

175. D. Josell and F. Spaepen, "Determination of the interfacial tension by zero creep experiments on multilayers—II. Experiment,” Acta Metallurgica 41:3017-3027 (1993). [B11] PDF Download

174. D. Josell and F. Spaepen, "Determination of the interfacial tension by zero creep experiments on multilayers—I. Theory," Acta Metallurgica 41:3007-3015 (1993). [B11] PDF Download

173. A.V. Wagner and F. Spaepen, "The effect of structural relaxation of the diffusion of Au in amorphous Pd 80 Si 20 ," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1993) 279:631-635. [B11,CM21]

172. A.V. Wagner, B. Park, D.T. Wu and F. Spaepen, "Diffusion of Ge in amorphous Si," Internal Report. [CM21]

171. C.A. Ross, L.M. Goldman and F. Spaepen, "An electrodeposition technique for producing multilayers of nickel-phosphorus and other metallic alloys," Journal of the Electrochemical Society 140:91-98 (1993). [B11,K]

170. F. Spaepen, "Chemical potentials driving diffusional flow in multilayers," Surface Layers: Structure-Property Relations , Proceedings of a Symposium on the Occasion of the 150th Anniversary of Delft University of Technology, Materials Science Forum 154:43-54 (1994). [B11]

169. F. Spaepen, "Fundamentals of nucleation and growth," Optical Data Storage, Proceedings of SPIE — The International Society for Optical Engineering (Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 1992) 1663:385-386. [X]

168. A. Witvrouw and F. Spaepen, "Determination of the plane stress elastic constants of thin films from substrate curvature measurements: Applications to amorphous metals," Journal of Applied Physics 73:7344-7350 (1993). [B11]

167. J.A. Ruud, D. Josell, F. Spaepen and A.L. Greer, "A new method for tensile testing of thin films,"Journal of Materials Research 8:112-117 (1993). [B11]

166. J.A. Ruud, A. Witvrouw and F. Spaepen, "Bulk and interface stresses in Ag/Ni multilayered thin films," Journal of Applied Physics 74:2517-2523 (1993). [B11] PDF Download

165. J.A. Ruud, T.R. Jervis and F. Spaepen, "Nanoindentation of Ag/Ni multilayered thin films," Journal of Applied Physics 75:4969-4974 (1994). [B11]

164. F. Spaepen, E. Nygren and A.V. Wagner, "Metal enhanced growth of silicon," in Crucial Issues in Semiconductor Materials and Processing Technologies, NATO ASI Series (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1992) 222:483-499. [CM21]

163. A.V. Wagner, D.T. Wu and F. Spaepen, "Non-linear and time-dependent diffusion of gold in amorphous silicon," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1992) 235:65-70. [CM19]

162. D. Josell and F. Spaepen, "Zero creep measurements of the interfacial free energy of Ag/Ni multilayers," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1992) 239:515-520. [B8]

161. J.A. Ruud, D. Josell, F. Spaepen and A.L. Greer, "The elastic moduli of silver thin films measured with a new microtensile tester," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1992) 239:239-243. [B8]

160. A. Witvrouw, P. Campos and F. Spaepen, "Elastic constants and viscosity of amorphous PdSi/PdSiFe multilayers," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1992) 239:121-132. [B8]

159. A.V. Wagner, D.T. Wu and F. Spaepen "Diffusion of gold in sputtered amorphous silicon,” Crucial Issues in Semiconductor Materials and Processing Technologies, NATO ASI Series (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1992) 222:409-413. [CM19]

158. C.A. Ross, D.T. Wu, L.M. Goldman and F. Spaepen, "Measurements of interdiffusion in electrodeposited nickel-phosphorus multilayers," Journal of Applied Physics 72:2773-2780 (1992). [B8]

157. F. Spaepen and D. Turnbull, "The activation volume of the diffusivity in amorphous metals," Scripta Metallurgica 25:1563-1565 (1991). [B8, CM21]

156. F. Xiong, E. Ganz, A.G. Loeser, J.A. Golovchenko, and F. Spaepen, "Liqiud-metal-mediated homoepitaxial film growth for Ge at low temperature," Applied Physics Letters 59:3586-88 (1991). [CM19]

155. F. Xiong, J.A. Golovchenko, and F. Spaepen, "Homoepitaxial growth of crystalline Ge films through a liquid metal medium at low temperature," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1991) 204:265-270. [CM21]

154. F. Xiong, E. Ganz, J.A. Golovchenko and F. Spaepen, "In situ RBS and channeling study of molecular beam epitaxial growth of metals and semiconductors on semiconductors Nuclear Instruments and Methods B56/57:780-784 (1991). [CM21]

153. L.C. Chen and F. Spaepen, "Grain growth in microcrystalline materials studied by calorimetry," Nanostructured Materials 1:59-64 (1992). [B8,CM19]

152. S. Roorda, J.S. Custer, W.C. Sinke, J.M. Poate, D.C. Jacobson, A. Polman and F. Spaepen, "Structural relaxation in amorphous silicon and the role of network defects," Nuclear Instruments and Methods B59/60:344-352 (1991). [CM19]

151. L.C. Chen and F. Spaepen, "A comment on the use of calorimetry for the determination of the structure of amorphous materials," Philosophical Magazine B 63:585-586 (1991). [C19,B8,J]

150. J.M. Poate, S. Coffa, D.C. Jacobson, A. Polman, J.A. Roth, G.L. Olson, S. Roorda, W. Sinke, J.S. Custer, M.O. Thompson, F. Spaepen and E.P. Donovan "Amorphous Si -- the role of MeV implantation in elucidating defect and thermodynamic properties," Nuclear Instruments and Methods, B55:533-543 (1991). [X]

149. S. Roorda, W.C. Sinke, J.M. Poate, D.C. Jacobson, S. Dierker, B.S. Dennis, D.J. Eaglesham, F. Spaepen and P. Fuoss, "Structural relaxation and defect annihilation in pure amorphous silicon," Physical Review B 44:3702-3725 (1991). [CM19]

148. J.A. Ruud, A. Witvrouw and F. Spaepen "Interface stress in artificial multilayers," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1991) 209:737-740. [B8]

147. C.A. Ross, L.M. Goldman, J.A. Barnard and F. Spaepen, "A study of the diffusion of phosphorus in Ni/amorphous NiP x and a-NiP x /a-NiP y multilayers," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1992) 205:239-244. [B8,K]

146. A. Witvrouw and F. Spaepen "Viscosity, structural relaxation and defect annihilation kinetics of amorphous Si thin film," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1992) 205:21-26. [B8,CM21]

145. C. Hayzelden and F. Spaepen "Kinetics of the icosahedral-to-approximant transformation in Al-Cu-Fe" Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1992) 205:183-188. [CM21]

144. A. Witvrouw and F. Spaepen, "Determination of elastic constants and viscosity of amorphous thin films from substrate curvature," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1990) 188:147-152. [B8]

143. A. Witvrouw, C.A. Volkert and F. Spaepen, "The viscosity of amorphous metallic thin films," Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals, Materials Science and Engineering A134:1274-1277 (1991). [B8,H]

142. L.C. Chen and F. Spaepen, "How to use calorimetry to distinguish a microcrystalline structure from an amorphous structure," Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals, Materials Science and Engineering, A133:342-345 (1991). [C19,B8,J]

141. S. Ebalard, F. Spaepen, R.F. Cochrane and A.L. Greer, "Undercooling experiments on quasicrystal-forming melts," Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals, Materials Science and Engineering A133:569-573 (1991). [CM19]

140. B. Park, F. Spaepen, J.M. Poate, and D.C. Jacobson, "The effect of ion implantation and impurities on the interdiffusion in amorphous Si/Ge multilayers," Journal of Applied Physics 69:6430-6436 (1991). [C19]

139. L.C. Chen and F. Spaepen, "Analysis of calorimetric measurements of grain growth," Journal of Applied Physics 69:679-688 (1991). [C19,B8,J] PDF Download 

138. S. Ebalard and F. Spaepen, "Approximants to the icosahedral and decagonal phases in the Al-Cu-Cr system," Journal of Materials Research, 6:1641-1649 (1991). [C19]

137. J.S. Custer, M.O. Thompson, D.C. Jacobson, J.M. Poate, S. Roorda, W.C., Sinke, and F. Spaepen, "Density of amorphous Si," Applied Physics Letters 64:437-439 (1994). [C19]

136. C.A. Volkert and F. Spaepen, "A comparison of viscous flow in sputtered and melt-quenched amorphous Pd-Si alloys," Scripta Metallurgica 24:463-468 (1990). [B8,H]

135. S. Roorda, J.M. Poate, D.C. Jacobson, D.J. Eaglesham, B.S. Dennis, S. Dierker, W.C. Sinke and F. Spaepen, "Point defect populations in amorphous and crystalline silicon," Solid State Communications 75:197-200 (1990). [C19]

134. E. Nygren, B. Park, L.M. Goldman and F. Spaepen, "The diffusivity of gold in amorphous silicon measured by the artificial multilayer technique," Applied Physics Letters 56:2094-2096 (1990). [C19]

133. S. Roorda, W.C. Sinke, J.M. Poate, D.C. Jacobson, S. Dierker, B.S. Dennis, P. Fuoss and F. Spaepen, "Thermodynamic and structural properties of MeV ion beam amorphized silicon," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1990) 157:683-688. [C19]

132. S. Roorda, W.C. Sinke, J.M. Poate, D.C. Jacobson, S. Dierker, B.S. Dennis, D.J. Eaglesham, and F. Spaepen, "Changing the structural state of amorphous silicon by ion irradiation," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1990) 157:709-714. [C19]

131. J.S. Custer, M.O. Thompson, J.M. Poate, D.C. Jacobson, S. Roorda, W.C. Sinke and F. Spaepen, "Density measurements of ion implanted amorphous silicon," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1990) 157:689-690. [C19]

130. B. Park, F. Spaepen, J.M. Poate and D.C. Jacobson, "The enhancement of the interdiffusion in Si/Ge amorphous artificial multilayers by additions of B and Au," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1990) 163:621-626. [C19]

129. E. Nygren, B. Park, L.M. Goldman and F. Spaepen, "Diffusion of Au in amorphous Si measured by the artificial multilayer technique," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1990) 163:627-632. [C19]

128. L.M. Goldman, H.A. Atwater and F. Spaepen, "A systematic method for extracting structural parameters from low angle x-ray reflectivity measurements on multilayers," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1990) 160:577-581. [B8,H]

127. C.A. Ross, L.M. Goldman and F. Spaepen, "Multilayered metallic thin films prepared by dual-bath electrodeposition," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1990) 160:571-576. [B8,K,H]

126. F. Spaepen, L.C. Chen, S. Ebalard and W. Ohashi, "Microquasicrystals, superlattices, and approximants," Quasicrystals, Proceedings of the Anniversary Adriatico Research Conference on Quasicrystals (Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co., 1990), pp. 
1-18. [C19]

125. L.M. Goldman, C.A. Ross, W. Ohashi, D. Wu and F. Spaepen, "New dual bath technique for electrodeposition of short repeat length multilayers," Applied Physics Letters 55:2182-2184 (1989). [B8]

124. S. Ebalard and F. Spaepen, "Long range chemical ordering in Al-Cu-Fe, Al-Cu-Mn and Al-Cu-Cr quasicrystals," Journal of Materials Research 5:62-72 (1990). [C19]

123. L.C. Chen, F. Spaepen, J.L. Robertson, S.C. Moss, and K. Hiraga, "A structural and calorimetric study of the transformations in sputtered Al-Mn and Al-Mn-Si films," Journal of Materials Research 5:1871-1879 (1990). [C19]

122. E.P. Donovan, F. Spaepen, J.M. Poate and D.C. Jacobson, "Homogeneous and interfacial heat releases in amorphous silicon," Applied Physics Letters 55:1516-1518 (1989). [C19]

121. F. Spaepen and C.V. Thompson, "Calorimetric studies of reactions in thin films and multilayers," Applied Surface Science 38:1-12 (1989). [B8,C19]

120. T.W. Wu and F. Spaepen, "The relation between embrittlement and structural relaxation of an amorphous metal," Philosophical Magazine B 61:739-750 (1990). [B8]

119. F. Spaepen, "Some remarks on the crystal-melt interfacial tension," Containerless Processing of Metals — Undercooling and Solidification, (Köln: Mitteilung DLR, 1989), pp. 20-23. [CM19]

118. B. Park, F. Spaepen, J.M. Poate, D.C. Jacobson and F. Priolo, "Composition- and temperature-dependence of ion mixing in amorphous Si/Ge artificial multilayers," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1989) 128:243-248. [C19]

117. H.A. Atwater, L.M. Goldman and F. Spaepen, "Al/AlN and Al/Al 2 O 3 artificial multilayers formed by reactive ion beam sputtering," Internal Report. [B8]

116. F. Spaepen, "A new look at amorphous vs. microcrystalline structure," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1989) 132:127-136. [B8,C19]

115. B. Park, F. Spaepen, J.M. Poate, D.C. Jacobson and F. Priolo, "X-ray measurements of ion mixing in amorphous Si/Ge artificial multilayers," Journal of Applied Physics, 68:4556-4560 (1990). [C19]

114. R.P. Anders, R.S. Averback, W.L. Brown, L.E. Brus, W.A. Goddard III, A. Kaldor, S.G. Louie, M. Moskovits, P.S. Peercy, S.J. Riley, R.W. Siegel, F. Spaepen and Y. Wang, "Research opportunities on clusters and cluster-assembled materials," Journal of Materials Research, 4:704-736 (1989). [X]

113. S. Ebalard and F. Spaepen, "The body-centered-cubic-type icosahedral reciprocal lattice of the Al-Cu-Fe quasiperiodic crystal," Journal of Materials Research 4:39-43 (1989). [C19]

112. C.A. Volkert and F. Spaepen, "Crossover relaxation of the viscosity of Pd 40 Ni 40 P 19 Si 1 near the glass transition," Acta Metallurgica 37:1355-1362 (1989). [B8,H]

111. L.C. Chen and F. Spaepen, "Calorimetric evidence for the micro-quasicrystalline structure of 'amorphous' Al-transition metal alloys," Nature 336:366-368 (1988). [C19,J]

110. R.J. Harrison, F. Spaepen, A.F. Voter, and S.P. Chen, "Structure of grain boundaries in iron and relaxation at surfaces," Innovations in Ultrahigh Strength Steel Technology, Proceedings of the 34th Sagamore Army Materials Research Conference (1990), p. 651. [L]

109. D.R. Nelson and F. Spaepen, "Polytetrahedral order in condensed matter," Solid State Physics (San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 1989) 42:1-90. [C19,C20]

108. B. Park, F. Spaepen, J.M. Poate, F. Priolo, D.C. Jacobson, C.S. Pai, A.E. White and K.T. Short, "The effect of ion implantation on the interdiffusion of Si/Ge amorphous artificial multilayers," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1988) 103:173-178. [C19]

107. C.A. MacDonald, A.M. Malvezzi and F. Spaepen, "Picosecond time-resolved measurements of crystallization in noble metals," Journal of Applied Physics 65:129-136 (1989). [B9]

106. E. Chason and F. Spaepen, "Pressure-induced structural changes in boron oxide glass," Journal of Applied Physics 64:4435-4449 (1988). [C18]

105. W. Ohashi and F. Spaepen, "Stable GaMgZn quasi-periodic crystals with pentagonal dodecahedral solidification morphology," Nature 330:555-556 (1987). [C19,K]

104. F. Spaepen, "Interdiffusion in amorphous metallic artificial multilayers," Materials Science and Engineering 97:403-408 (1988). [B8]

103. C.A. Volkert and F. Spaepen, "Viscosity and structural relaxation in Pd 40 Ni 40 P 19 Si 1 ," Materials Science and Engineering 97:449-452 (1988). [B8,H]

102. W.K. Wang, C.J. Lobb, F. Spaepen, "Formation of metastable Nb-Si phases by picosecond and nanosecond pulsed laser etching," Materials Science and Engineering 97:325-328 (1988). [B9]

101. F. Spaepen, "Stability of artificial multilayers," Physics, Fabrication and Applications of Multilayered Structures, NATO-ASI Series (New York: Plenum Press, 1988) 182:199-214. [B8,C18]

100. L.C. Chen and F. Spaepen, "The configurational entropy of two-dimensional random Penrose tilings," Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals, Materials Science and Engineering 99:339-344 (1987). [C18,J]

99. F. Spaepen and D. Turnbull, "Crystal nucleation and growth in rapid solidfication," Rapid Solidification Processing: Principles and Technologies IV (Baton Rouge, LA: Claitor's Publishing Division, 1988), pp. 1-12. [B9,C18]

98. M. Atzmon and F. Spaepen, "Interdiffusion in amorphous compositionally modulated Ni-Zr thin films," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1987) 80:55-59. [B8,J]

97. S.M. Prokes and F. Spaepen, "The composition dependence of the interdiffusivity in artificial amorphous Si/Ge multilayers," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1987) 77:305-310. [B8]

96. B. Park, F. Spaepen, J.M. Poate and D.C. Jacobson, "The effect of self-implantation on the interdiffusion on amorphous Si/Ge multilayers," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1987) 74:493-497. [C18,B8]

95. F. Spaepen, "The art and science of microstructure control," Science 235:1010-1014 (1987). [X]

94. F. Spaepen, "Thermodynamics and kinetics of melting, evaporation and crystallization, induced by picosecond pulsed laser irradiation," Ultrafast Phenomena V: Proceedings of the Fifth OSA Meeting (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1986), pp. 174-178. [B9]

93. F. Spaepen, "Metastable states in pulsed laser quenching," Hume-Rothery Symposium on Undercooled Alloy Phases, TMS-AIME Symposia Proceedings (1986), pp. 187-205. [B9]

92. C.V. Thompson, H.J. Frost and F. Spaepen, "The relative rates of secondary and normal grain growth," Acta Metallurgica 35:887-890 (1987). [C18]

91. L.C. Chen, S. Ebalard, L.M. Goldman, W. Ohashi, B. Park and F. Spaepen, "The number of third-order elastic constants of an icosahedral solid," Journal of Applied Physics 60:2638 (1986). [C18]

90. F. Spaepen, Foreword to the viewpoint set on artificially layered thin films, Scripta Metallurgica 20:441-442 (1986). [X]

89. W.K. Wang, C.J. Lobb and F. Spaepen, "Pulsed laser quenching of superconducting Nb-Si alloys," Internal Report. [X]

88. W.K. Wang and F. Spaepen, "Formation of a superconducting hexagonal Nb-Si phase by pulsed laser quenching," Applied Physics Letters 49:295-297 (1986). [B9]

87. L.M. Goldman, B. Blanpain and F. Spaepen, "Short wavelength compositionally modulated Ni/Ni-P films produced by electrodeposition," Journal of Applied Physics 60:1374-1376 (1986). [B8]

86. F. Spaepen, "The identification of the metallic glass state," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1986) 57:161-184. [B8]

85. E. Chason, H. Kondo, T. Mizoguchi, R.C. Cammarata, F. Spaepen, B. Window, J.B. Dunlop and R.K. Day, "Amorphous Cu-Zr and Fe-Ti compositionally modulated films produced by sputtering from elemental targets," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1986) 58:69-74. [B7,B8]

84. C.A. MacDonald, A.M. Malvezzi and F. Spaepen, "Picosecond transient reflectance measurements of crystallization in pure metals," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1986) 51:277-282. [B7]

83. S.M. Prokes and F. Spaepen, "Modulation wavelength dependence of the interdiffusion in amorphous Si/Ge multilayer films," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1986) 51:383-388. [B8]

82. C.A. MacDonald and F. Spaepen, "The kinetics of rapid crystallization in pure metals," Laser Surface Treatment of Metals, NATO-ASI Proceedings (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1986), pp. 111-124. [B7]

81. F. Spaepen, "Thermodynamics and kinetics of metallic alloy formation by picosecond pulsed laser irradiation," Laser Surface Treatment of Metals, NATO-ASI Proceedings (Martin Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague, The Netherlands, 1986), pp. 79-92; and High Temperature Materials and Processes Special Issue: High Energy Heating Sources (Tel Aviv, Israel: Freund Publishing House Ltd., 1986) 7:91-100. [B7]

80. F. Spaepen, "New methods for obtaining metastable metallic alloys," Advances in Cryogenic Engineering Materials, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Cryogenic Materials (New York: Plenum Publishing Co., 1986) 32:1019-1030. [B7]

79. C.J. Lin and F. Spaepen, "Nickel-niobium alloys obtained by picosecond pulsed laser quenching," Acta Metallurgica 34:1367-1375 (1986). [B7]

78. F. Spaepen, S.S. Tsao and T.W. Wu, "Creep and brittle fracture of metallic glasses," Proceedings, EPRI-Acta Metallurgica Workshop on Amorphous Metals and Semiconductors (New York: Pergamon Press, 1986), pp. 365-377. [B8,C18]

77. S.M. Prokes and F. Spaepen, "Interdiffusion in Si/Ge amorphous multilayer films," Applied Physics Letters 47:234-236 (1985). [B8]

76. W.K. Wang and F. Spaepen, "Face-centered cubic Nb-Si solid solutions produced by picosecond pulsed laser quenching," Journal of Applied Physics 58:4477-4479 (1985). [B7]

75. T.W. Wu and F. Spaepen, "Small angle x-ray scattering from an embrittling metallic glass," Acta Metallurgica 33:2185-2190 (1985). [B8,C18]

74. T.W. Wu and F. Spaepen, "Embrittlement of a metallic glass," Mechanical Behavior of Rapidly Solidified Materials (Warrendale, PA: The Metallurgical Society of AIME, 1986), pp. 293-305. [B8,C18]

73. F. Spaepen, "Interdiffusion and stability of compositionally modulated films," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Pittsburgh, PA: Materials Research Society, 1985) 37:295-306. [B8]

72. E. Chason, A.L. Greer, K.F. Kelton, P.S. Pershan, L.B. Sorenson, F. Spaepen and A.H. Weiss, "Structural relaxation of amorphous Pd 82 Si 18 : X-ray measurements, electrical resistivity measurements and a comparison via the Ziman theory," Physical Review B 32:3399-3408 (1985). [B6,C17]

71. F. Spaepen, "Crystal nucleation and glass formation in metallic alloy melts," Proceedings of the Fifth European Symposium on Materials Science Under Microgravity (Noordwijk, Holland: ESTEC, 1984), pp. 215-219. [F3]

70. E. Chason, K.F. Kelton, P.S. Pershan, L. Sorenson, F. Spaepen and A.H. Weiss, "Measurements of structural relaxation in amorphous Pd 82 Si 18 : X-ray diffraction and electrical resistivity," Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals (New York: Elsevier Science Publishers, 1985), pp. 683-686. [B6,C17]

69. F. Spaepen, A.L. Greer, K.F. Kelton and J.L. Bell, "Ion beam sputtering apparatus for fabrication of compositionally modulated materials," Review of Scientific Instruments 56:1340-1343 (1985). [B7]

68. A.L. Greer and F. Spaepen, "Diffusion," Synthetic Modulated Structure (New York: Academic Press, 1985), pp. 419-486. [B6,C15]

67. S.S. Tsao and F. Spaepen, "Effects of annealing on the isoconfigurational flow of a metallic glass," Acta Metallurgica 33:891-895 (1985). [B6]

66. S.S. Tsao and F. Spaepen, "Structural relaxation of a metallic glass near equilibrium," Acta Metallurgica 33:881-889 (1985). [B6]

65. K.F. Kelton and F. Spaepen, "A study of the devitrification of Pd 82 Si 18 over a wide temperature range," Acta Metallurgica 33:455-464 (1985). [B6]

64. K.F. Kelton and F. Spaepen, "Kinetics of structural relaxation in several metallic glasses observed by changes in electrical resistivity," Physical Review B 30:5516-5524 (1984). [B6]

63. F. Spaepen and C.J. Lin, "Partitionless crystallization and glass formation in Fe-B alloys during picosecond pulsed laser quenching," Amorphous Metals and Non-Equilibrium Processing (Les Ulis, France: Les Editions de Physique, 1984), pp. 65-72. [B7] PDF download

62. F. Spaepen and G.S. Cargill III, "Chemical ordering in concentrated binary amorphous metals," Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals (Amsterdam: North-Holland, 1985) I:581-584. [B6]

61. E.P. Donovan, F. Spaepen, D. Turnbull, J.M. Poate and D.C. Jacobson, "Calorimetric studies of crystallization and relaxation of amorphous Si and Ge prepared by ion implantation," Journal of Applied Physics 57:1795-1804 (1985). [C15]

60. F. Spaepen and D. Turnbull, "Metallic glasses," Annual Review of Physical Chemistry 35:241-263 (1984). [B6]

59. C.J. Lin and F. Spaepen, "Metallic glasses and metastable crystalline phases produced by picosecond pulsed laser quenching," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (New York: North-Holland, 1984) 28:75-80. [B7]

58. E.P. Donovan, F. Spaepen, D. Turnbull, J.M. Poate and D.C. Jacobson, "Thermodynamics and kinetics of crystallization of amorphous Si and Ge produced by ion implantation," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (New York: North-Holland, 1984) 27:211-216. [C15]

57. C.J. Lin, F. Spaepen and D. Turnbull, "Picosecond pulsed laser-induced melting and glass formation in metals," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 61/62:767-772 (1984). [B7]

56. C.J. Lin and F. Spaepen, "Solidification morphology of picosecond pulsed laser quenched Fe 96 B 4 ," Scripta Metallurgica 17:1259-1262 (1983). [B7]

55. F. Spaepen, "Amorphous-crystalline interfaces in tetrahedrally coordinated materials," Amorphous Materials: Modeling of Structure and Properties ( New York: The Metallurgical Society of AIME , 1983), pp. 265-277. [B6,C15]

54. S.S. Tsao and F. Spaepen, "Models for iso-configurational flow and viscosity relaxation in metallic glasses," Amorphous Materials: Modeling of Structure and Properties (New York: The Metallurgical Society of AIME, 1983), pp. 323-332. [B6]

53. C.J. Lin and F. Spaepen, "Fe-B glasses formed by picosecond pulsed laser quenching," Chemistry and Physics of Rapidly Solidified Materials (New York: The Metallurgical Society of AIME, 1983), pp. 273-280. [C15]

52. H.J. Frost and F. Spaepen, "Hard sphere models for the structure of grain boundaries," Journal de Physique 43:C6/73-C6/82 (1982). [C15]

51. C.V. Thompson and F. Spaepen, "Homogeneous crystal nucleation in binary metallic melts," Acta Metallurgica 31:2021-2027 (1983). [F2]

50. H.J. Frost, F. Spaepen and M.F. Ashby, "A second report on tilt boundaries in hard sphere f.c.c. crystals," Scripta Metallurgica 16:1165-1170 (1982). [C15]

49. C.J. Lin and F. Spaepen, "Fe-B glasses formed by picosecond pulsed laser quenching," Applied Physics Letters 41:721-723 (1982). [C17]

48. E.P. Donovan, F. Spaepen, D. Turnbull, J.M. Poate and D.C. Jacobson, "Heat of crystallization and melting point of amorphous silicon," Applied Physics Letters 42:698-700 (1983). [C15]

47. C.V. Thompson, A.L. Greer and F. Spaepen, "Crystal nucleation in amorphous (Au 100 -y Cu y ) 77 Si 9 Ge 14 Alloys," Acta Metallurgica 31:1883-1894 (1983). [F2]

46. F. Spaepen and A.I. Taub, "Flow and fracture," Amorphous Metallic Alloys (London: Butterworths, 1983), pp. 231-256. [B6]

45. C.V. Thompson and F. Spaepen, "The effect of solute on the homogeneous crystal nucleation frequency in metallic melts," Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings (Amsterdam: North Holland Press, 1982) 9:603-610. [F2]

44. D.R. Nelson, M. Rubinstein and F. Spaepen, "Order in two-dimensional binary random arrays," Philosophical Magazine A 46:105-126 (1982). [C11]

43. P.S. Steif, F. Spaepen and J.W. Hutchinson, "Strain localization in amorphous metals," Acta Metallurgica 30:447-455 (1982). [ B6,C15 ]

42. A.L. Greer, C.J. Lin and F. Spaepen, "Pd-Fe interdiffusion in sputtered amorphous alloys," Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals (Sendai: Japanese Institute of Metals, 1981) I:567-572. [B6]

41. S.S. Tsao and F. Spaepen, "Iso-configurational flow and structural relaxation--experimental and theoretical developments," Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals (Sendai: Japanese Institute of Metals, 1981) I:463-468. [B6]

40. K.F. Kelton and F. Spaepen, "Kinetics of structural relaxation in Pd-based metallic glasses as observed by changes in electrical resistivity," Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals (Sendai: Japanese Institute of Metals, 1981) I:527-530. [B6]

39. A.I. Taub and F. Spaepen, "Ideal elastic, anelastic and viscoelastic deformation of a metallic glass," Journal of Materials Science 16:3087-3092 (1981). [X]

38. F. Spaepen and D. Turnbull, "Crystallization processes," Laser Annealing of Semiconductors (New York: Academic Press, 1982), pp. 15-42. [B6,C15]

37. P. Chaudhari, F. Spaepen and P.J. Steinhardt, "Defects and atomic transport in metallic glasses," Glassy Metals II (Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1983), pp. 127-168. [B6]

36. A.L. Greer and F. Spaepen, "Creep, diffusion and structural relaxation in metallic glasses," Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 371:218-237 (1981). [B6]

35. F. Spaepen, "Metallic glasses--mechanical properties," Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Engineering, (Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1986) 4:2970-2974. [X]

34. F. Spaepen, "Metallic glasses--structure," Encyclopedia of Materials Science and Engineering (Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1986) 4:2977-2979. [X]

33. F. Spaepen, "Defects in amorphous metals," Les Houches Lectures XXXV on Physics of Defects (Amsterdam: North Holland Press, 1981), pp. 133-174. [B6]

32. G.S. Cargill III and F. Spaepen, "Description of chemical ordering in amorphous alloys," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 43:91-97 (1981). [B6]

31. A.I. Taub and F. Spaepen, "Homogeneous flow of amorphous Pd 77.5 Cu 6 Si 16.5 ," Scripta Metallurgica 14:1197-1199 (1980). [B6]

30. P.D. Bristowe, A. Brokman, F. Spaepen and R.W. Balluffi, "Simulation of the structure of vacancies in high angle grain boundaries," Scripta Metallurgica 14:943-950 (1980). [X]

29. H.J. Frost, M.F. Ashby and F. Spaepen, "A first report on a systematic study of tilt boundaries in hard sphere f.c.c. crystals," Scripta Metallurgica 14:1051-1056 (1980). [C8]

28. V.J. Fratello, J.F. Hays, F. Spaepen and D. Turnbull, "The mechanism of growth of quartz crystals into fused silica," Journal of Applied Physics 51:6160-6164 (1980). [X]

27. A.I. Taub and F. Spaepen, "The kinetics of structural relaxation of a metallic glass," Acta Metallurgica 28:1781-1788 (1980). [B6]

26. M.P. Rosenblum, F. Spaepen and D. Turnbull, "Diffusion and structural relaxation in compositionally modulated amorphous metal films," Applied Physics Letters 37:184-186 (1980). [B6,C12]

25. H.J. Frost, M.F. Ashby and F. Spaepen, "A catalogue of [100], [110] and [111] symmetric tilt boundaries in face-centered cubic hard sphere crystals," Harvard University Division of Applied Sciences Materials Research Laboratory Report (1982). [C15] PDF Download

24. H.J. Frost, M.F. Ashby and F. Spaepen, "Tilt boundaries in hard-sphere f.c.c. crystals," Grain Boundary Structure and Kinetics (Metals Park, Ohio: American Society of Metals, 1980), pp. 149-153. [C10]

23. A.I. Taub and F. Spaepen, "Enhancement of structural relaxation in amorphous PdSi following stress reduction," Scripta Metallurgica 13:883-886 (1979). [B6]

22. C.V. Thompson and F. Spaepen, "On the approximation of the free energy change on crystallization," Acta Metallurgica 27:1855-1859 (1979). [F2]

21. F. Spaepen and D. Turnbull, "Negative pressures and melting point depression in oxide-coated liquid metal droplets," Scripta Metallurgica 13:149-151 (1979). [F2]

20. F. Spaepen and D. Turnbull, "Kinetics of motion of crystal-melt interfaces," Laser-Solid Interactions and Laser Processing, American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings (New York: American Institute of Physics, 1979), pp. 73-83. [B6]

19. A.I. Taub and F. Spaepen, "Iso-configurational flow of amorphous Pd 82 Si 18 ," Scripta Metallurgica 13:195-198 (1979). [B6]

18. F. Spaepen, "Structure and flow of amorphous alloys," Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals 2:253-268 (1979). [B6]

17. F. Spaepen, "Structural imperfections in amorphous metals," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 31:207-221 (1978). [B6]

16. M.F. Ashby, F. Spaepen and S. Williams, "The structure of grain boundaries described as a packing of polyhedra," Acta Metallurgica 26:1647-1663 (1978). [C10]

15. M.F. Ashby and F. Spaepen, "A new model for the structure of grain boundaries: packing of polyhedra," Scripta Metallurgica 12:193-195 (1978). [C8]

14. J.L. Katz and F. Spaepen, "A kinetic approach to nucleation in condensed systems," Philosophical Magazine B 37:137-148 (1978). [C8]

13. F. Spaepen, "A structural model for the interface between amorphous and crystalline Si or Ge," Acta Metallurgica 26:1167-1177 (1978). [B6,C8]

12. D. Turnbull and F. Spaepen, "Crystal nucleation and crystal-melt interfacial tension in linear hydrocarbons," Journal of Polymer Science 63:237-243 (1978). [C8]

11. F. Spaepen, "A microscopic mechanism for steady state inhomogeneous flow in metallic glasses," Acta Metallurgica 25:407-415 (1977). [B4,C6]

10. F. Spaepen and D. Turnbull, "Atomic transport and transformation behavior," Metallic Glasses (Metals Park, Ohio: American Society of Metals, 1978), pp. 114-127. [B5,C8]

9. F. Spaepen and D. Turnbull, "Formation of metallic glasses," Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals (Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1976), pp. 205-229. [B4,C6]

8. F. Spaepen and R.B. Meyer, "The surface tension in a structural model for the solid-liquid interface," Scripta Metallurgica 10:257-263 (1976). [B4,C6]

7. F. Spaepen, "A structural model for the solid-liquid interface in monatomic systems," Acta Metallurgica 23:729-743 (1975). [B4,C6]

6. F. Spaepen,"On the fracture morphology of metallic glasses," Acta Metallurgica 23:615-620 (1975). [C4]

5. C.P. Chou and F. Spaepen, "Some mechanical properties of phase separated Pd 0.74 Au 0.08 Si 0.38 Metallic Glasses," Acta Metallurgica 23:609-613 (1975). [B4,C4]

4. F. Spaepen, "On the configurational entropy of amorphous Si and Ge," Philosophical Magazine 30:417-422 (1974). [B4,C4]

3. F. Spaepen and D. Turnbull, "A mechanism for the flow and fracture of metallic glasses," Scripta Metallurgica 8:563-568 (1974). [B4]

2. J.P. Fitzpatrick, R.B. Malt and F. Spaepen, "Percolation theory and the conductivity of random close packed mixtures of hard spheres," Physics Letters 47A:207-208 (1974). [X]

1. F. Spaepen and R.B. Meyer, "Optical modeling of electron microscopy on amorphous tetrahedrally coordinated materials," Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 13:440-446 (1973/74). [C4]